The Constitution of Mexico, formally the Political Constitution of the United Mexican States (Spanish: Constitución Política de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos) is the current constitution of Mexico.
It was drafted in Santiago de Querétaro, in the State of Querétaro, by a constitutional convention, during the Mexican Revolution. It was approved by the Constitutional Congress on 5 February 1917. It is the successor to the Constitution of 1857, and earlier Mexican constitutions.
Constitution Day (Día de la Constitución) is one of Mexico’s annual Fiestas Patrias (public holidays), commemorating the promulgation of the Constitution on 5 February 1917. Although the official anniversary is on 5 February, the holiday takes place on the first Monday of February regardless of the date.
The constitution was founded on seven fundamental ideals:
- A declaration of rights
- Sovereignty of the nation
- Separation of powers
- Representative government
- A federal system
- Constitutional remedy
- Supremacy of the State over the Church